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Explore the articles below to discover how ecosystems in the Great Lakes are structured and function. These functions are detailed through the framework of essential ecological attributes (EEAs). After the ecological parts of an ecosystem are outlined, continue reading to learn how humans value, depend, and alter these systems. Each article closes by describing conservation strategies that prevent, correct, or minimize human impacts on these ecosystems.


Coastal-Nearshore (under development)Point Pelee National Park, Ontario

Inland Lakes (under development)Inland lake, Wisconsin

ForestsHiawatha National Forest, Michigan RiversSplit Rock River, Minnesota
Large LakesLake Erie sunrise WetlandsWetland in Toronto park